Mike Spence, vice president of the United States, announced that American astronauts will be sent back to the Moon, the first step before aiming for Mars.
Aiming for the Moon. Before going on Mars. The United States is determined to maintain its leadership in the space sector, while Asian ambitions, and especially Chinese ambitions, are becoming more and more concrete.
Thursday, October 5, US Vice President Mike Spence held the first meeting of the National Space Council, the executive branch of the US space program, for 25 years. As he announced in a stand on the Wall Street Journal the day before, Mike Spence delivered a simple message: “America will again be a leader in space exploration.”
The plan is simple: to send American astronauts into lunar orbits and even directly to the moon, and “not only to leave footprints and flags but to prepare the necessary bases to send Americans to Mars and beyond.”
The idea is not new, it comes from NASA’s Deep Space Gateway program. It consists of considering the Moon as a springboard to Mars and the rest of the solar system by installing the next International Space Station in its orbit in lunar orbit, as well as by building a lunar base, as also the European Space Agency.
Transformed into a test site, our satellite would allow us to test the various equipment and technologies needed to explore Mars, or the “oceanic worlds” of our solar systems, such as Jupiter Europa or Enceladus of the moons of Saturn.
The funding proposal should be submitted within 45 days. It should take into account the use of the Orion capsule, developed by NASA, as well as the SLS (Space Launch System) heavy launcher. It should also integrate public-private partnerships with Lockheed Martin, Boeing or SpaceX, in line with the Deep Space Gateway program.
The goal for the US administration is also to develop its own technologies to protect its monitoring, communication and navigation (GPS) tools from possible attacks.